(The Austria-Este dynasty ruled Modena in Italy until the Italian unification.) Throughout his reign, Otto faced political challenges concerning Greece's financial weakness and the role of the government in the affairs of the Church. She vowed never to go to Germany again and died 9 years later in Switzerland. Her eldest son succeeded the throne as the next Protestant king to become George I of Great Britain, a descendant of the Houses of Hanover and Wittelsbach. Perhaps snubbing of Isabelle by the Bavarian Royal family also had a bearing on the quick dissolvement of their marriage. In the end, neither Luitpold nor his son Ludwig actively pursued a claim to the Greek throne inherited from Otto, and the throne of Bavaria itself disappeared in 1918, leaving the future of the claim to be decided by a further arrangement that never occurred.[7]. From 1583 to 1761, the Bavarian branch of the dynasty provided the Prince-electors and Archbishops of Cologne and many other Bishops of the Holy Roman Empire, namely Liège (1581–1763). See more ideas about Bavaria, German royal family, Royal family. On account of an agreement with the Bavarian state government in 1923, the Wittelsbachs had retained corporate ownership of a number of properties including several palaces and castles as well as large tracts of forest and agricultural land It was the first Duchy held by the Wittelsbach family (until 1180/82). She weighed only 5 and a half stone. Queen Christina of Sweden abdicated her throne on 5 June 1654 in favour of her cousin Charles X Gustavus, a member of the Wittelsbach branch Palatinate-Zweibrücken. The Royal Family in the 1930's. Augusta of Waldeck-Pyrmont (1824 ... born Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, was the wife of King Ludwig I of Bavaria, which is why Bavaria focused so much in her family’s life. Nov 2, 2020 - Explore Allison White's board "Bavaria", followed by 209 people on Pinterest. The House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken contributed to the monarchy of Sweden again 1654–1720 under Charles X, Charles XI, Charles XII and Ulrika Eleonora. Rupprecht evaded arrest as he was in Italy. In 1868, Ludwig married Archduchess Maria Theresia of Austria-Este. The royal family has eight royal palaces, five royal county residences, and ten monasteries and convents. Oct 23, 2015 - The Wittelsbach family is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria. In 2015, their royal lifestyle cost Spain $8.9 million. [10], Or, an eagle sable, membered, beaked and langued gules; inescutcheon quarterly 1 and 4 fusilly in bend, azure and argent, 2 and 3 sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules, sur le tout gules, an orb crucifer or. Max only has daughters and is the father of Princess Sophie (born 1967) who is married to Prince Alois of Liechtenstein. The family were Holy Roman emperors and were granted the title of King of the Romans by the Papacy. The marriage was delayed due to the effects of the 1st World War. The marriage was happy and produced 13 children. The Counts of Scheyern left Scheyern Castle (constructed around 940) in 1119 for Wittelsbach Castle and the former was given to monks to establish Scheyern Abbey. When the senior branch of the Palatinate branch died out in 1559, the Electorate passed to Frederick III of Simmern, a staunch Calvinist, and the Palatinate became one of the major centers of Calvinism in Europe, supporting Calvinist rebellions in both the Netherlands and France. Princes of the Palatinate branch served as Bishops of the Empire and also as Elector-Archbishops of Mainz and Elector-Archbishops of Trier. The Wittelsbachs ruled in Bavaria from 1180-1918, and a younger brother in Greece from 1832-1862. Dat doen we vanuit ons hart. Some rather speculative theories link them to margrave Henry of Schweinfurt and his father Berthold whose background is also disputed; some guess the Schweinfurters may be descendants of the Luitpolding dynasty, the bavarian dukes of the 10th century. She was born in Augsburg, Kingdom of Bavaria, now in the German state of Bavaria, on August 30, 1813, the eldest daughter of King Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen. The youngest Otto (1848-1916) never truly ruled in his own right due to his own mental incapacity and had an uncle and cousin rule as regents. Charles XII was a skilled military leader and tactician. Their oldest son Franz (born 1933) is the current head of the family and lives in an apartment at Schloss Nymphenburg. In the early 1930’s Rupprecht sent his children to England to be educated there so that they didn’t have to be in the Nazi youth organisations. In 1124, Otto V, count of Scheyern (died 1155), removed the residence of his family to Wittelsbach and called himself by this name. Mathilde Karoline had eight siblings: King Maximilian II (1811-1864) – married Princess Marie of Prussia, had issue. Unofficial Royalty Current Monarchies Websites, Georg Viktor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont. To strengthen the union of all lines of the Wittelsbach dynasty Charles Philip organized a wedding on 17 January 1742 when his granddaughters were married to Charles Theodore of Palatinate-Sulzbach and to the Bavarian prince Clement. She also inherited an estate in Hungary and in Moravia (today Czech Republic) from her father. The dynasty also had some links to the British Monarchy. He was finally removed in 1913, when his cousin, the Regent, took the title of King. He (like most continental rulers) at times had alliances with Napoleonic France, and in 1806 his daughter Augusta even married Napoleon’s stepson, Eugene de Beauharnais. The next Regent who became King a year later was King Ludwig III (1845-1921) who was married to Archduchess Augusta of Austria (of the Tuscan branch). His legacy to his son, Charles XII, was one of the finest arsenals in the world, a large standing army and a great fleet. The form Duke in Bavaria was selected because in 1506 primogeniture had been established in the House of Wittelsbach resulting in there being only one Reigning Duke of Bavaria at any given time. It was the second kingdom, almost a thousand years after the short-lived Carolingian kingdom of Bavaria. In 1623 under Maximilian I the Bavarian dukes were invested with the electoral dignity and the duchy became the Electorate of Bavaria. The line of Jacobite succession, which recognises the right for a Catholic monarch from the House of Stuart acknowledges Franz, Hereditary Prince of Bavaria to be the rightful heir as "Francis II". As a passionate patron of the arts, he also collected a series of portraits of beautiful women that became known as the “Gallery of Beauties”. During the last 10 years of Ludwig’s reign, he never held a court ball or inspected his troops. In 1939 Crown Prince Rupprecht and his wife and children moved to Italy due to their opposition to Nazism. Under Maximilian's descendants, Bavaria became the third most powerful German state, behind only Prussia and Austria. In chief, gules, a cross argent. Otto I's eldest son Eckhard I, Count of Scheyern was father of the Count palatine of Bavaria Otto IV (died 1156), who was the first Count of Wittelsbach and whose son Otto was invested with the Duchy of Bavaria in 1180 after the fall of Henry the Lion and hence the first Bavarian ruler from the House of Wittelsbach. The next head of the family was their oldest son Crown Prince Rupprecht (1869-1955). When the German Empire was formed in 1871, Bavaria became the new empire's second most powerful state after Prussia. In building the satellite church of the same name, stone from the original castle chapel was used. These put a large strain on the Bavarian finances, even though Ludwig received money from the Welfenfonds (money Bismarck expropriated from the Hanover Royal family). The House of Wittelsbach (German: Haus Wittelsbach) is a German-Bavarian dynasty, with branches that rule, or have ruled over territories including: Bavaria, Holland, Zeeland, Cologne, Sweden, Romania, Bohemia, Hungary, Denmark, Norway, Greece and the Holy Roman Empire. Luitpold married Katrin Beatrix Wiegand in 1979, and initially, the marriage was considered morganatic but by 1999 the marriage was decreed to conform to the Bavarian house laws. Overall per pale sable, a lion or, armed, langued and crowned gules (Palatinate) and fusilly bendwise azure and argent (Bavaria); grafted in point gules, an orb or, which is the heraldic augmentation for the archsteward of the Holy Roman Empire. The politics of Greece of this era was based on affiliations with the three Great Powers, and Otto's ability to maintain the support of the powers was key to his remaining in power. His 1st marriage (1930) to Countess Maria Draskovich of Trakostjan (1904-1969) of a noble Croatian family, proved contentious (for the first few years) as his father only accepted the marriage as equal in 1949. His other son Otto became the King of Greece till 1862 when he had to abdicate and leave the country. As a result, there was an assassination attempt on the Queen and finally, in 1862, Otto was deposed while in the countryside. In the imperial election a few days later Charles III Philip voted for his Bavarian cousin Prince-Elector Charles Albert. Franz was born on 14 July 1933 in Munich, the son of Albrecht, Duke of Bavaria, and his morganatic wife, Countess Maria Draskovich of Trakostjan of the House of Drašković, a Croatian noble family. The House of Windsor, the reigning royal house of the British throne, are descendants of Sophia of Hanover, a Wittelsbach Princess and Electress of Hanover.[1][2]. The Palatinate branch kept the Palatinate until 1918, having succeeded also to Bavaria in 1777. Due to the unexpected death of Joseph Ferdinand in 1699 the Wittelsbach did not come to power in Spain, leaving the Spanish Succession uncertain again. He commanded the German Sixth Army and in 1916 was promoted to Field Marshal. The family initially left Germany for Hungary, but were eventually arrested. 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