It is about 350 miles long and at its widest is 240 km (150 miles). The tapestry is on permanent display at the Musée de la Tapisserie de Bayeux in Bayeux, Normandy. Construction began in 1988 and finished in 1994. The English Channel is located between northern France and England, a body of water that links the Atlantic Ocean to the North Sea. Over 40% of UK incidents threatening water pollution occur in or very near the English Channel. One of the most recent accidents was the MSC Napoli, which on January 18, 2007 was beached with nearly 1,700 tonnes of dangerous cargo in Lyme Bay (pictured). It is 20.7 miles wide at this spot. Microsoft may earn an Affiliate Commission if you purchase something through recommended links in this article. The English Channel has traffic on both the UK–Europe and North Sea–Atlantic routes, and is the world's busiest seaway, with over 500 ships per day using the waterway. The Channel Tunnel is 31.4 miles long, making it the 13th longest tunnel in use (the longest is the Delaware Aqueduct, at 85.1 miles), and the fourth longest used by rail passengers. The islands in the English Channel referred to as the Channel Islands belong to the United Kingdom. Opinions | My wife guarded the Capitol. Over 13,000 people helped to design and build the Channel Tunnel. Captain Matthew Webb (1848–1883), from Dawley in Shropshire, England, became the first person to swim the English Channel, making landfall near Calais on August 24, 1875, after nearly 22 hours in the water. Of all the shallow seas of Europe's continental shelf, the English Channel is the shallowest. The English Channel Crossing Association was set up at about this time to cater for unorthodox crossings. Try FluentU for FREE! (Photo: Wikimedia/CC BY-SA 3.0). It links Folkestone in Kent to Coquelles in northern France, and is sometimes known as the Chunnel. The Goodwin Sands, a 16-km-long (10-mi) sandbank at the southern end of the North Sea and set close to the major shipping lanes through the Strait of Dover, has claimed thousands of vessels. Melting ice from the last glacial period resulted in severing the last land connection between continental Europe and Britain. Pictured is an Automatic Identification System (AIS) display showing traffic in the Channel. The English Channel is the part of the Atlantic Ocean that separates the island of Great Britain from northern France, and the North Sea from the rest of the Atlantic. North Sea United Kingdom English Channel France Other Swim Facts English Channel Facts SWIM! The English Channel is a major route for passenger and freight traffic. The Strait of Dover viewed from Cap Gris-Nez, France, looking towards England. Opened in 1994, the Channel Tunnel is the only fixed link between the island of Great Britain and the European mainland. Prior to the 1700s the English Channel did not have an official English name. On August 4, 2019, French inventor Franky Zapata crossed the English Channel in 22 minutes (with a refueling stop at midpoint) piloting a Flyboard Air, a type of jetpack/hoverboard powered by gas turbines. Separating Southern England from northern France, this is the busiest shipping area in the world, with as many as 500 vessels a day plying the narrow seaway. 2) The first person to swim across the Channel … Of all the shallow seas of Europe's continental shelf, the English Channel is the shallowest. 5 Facts About English Channel. The first idea to build a tunnel underneath the English Channel was by a French engineer called Albert Mathieu way back in 1802. The Channel Tunnel is a 50 km long tunnel, running under the English Channel. Seen as both a route and a barrier, this celebrated body of water has a history as complex and as unpredictable as the currents and tides that rip through its depths. According to National Geographic, the English Channel is home to all the types of oceanic bacteria in the world (or, at least, the vast majority of them). You might know that English is the language of many lands (it’s the official language of 67 countries) but did you know it’s the language of the skies, too? Tides and currents are constantly shifting the sands making Goodwin the most hazardous geological feature in the Channel, though the less well known Varne Bank is also a constant concern for both British coastguards and shipping. Chausey forms part of the Channel Islands from a geographical point of view, however, because it is under French jurisdiction, Chausey is almost never mentioned in the context of the other Channel Islands, which are UK Crown dependencies. The Bidens were reportedly left waiting outside the White House on Inauguration Day because Trump sent the staff home. Click through the following gallery for an entertaining and fact-finding voyage around the English Channel. It is 112 mi (180 km) wide at its west entrance, between Land's End, England, and Ushant, France. During the Pleistocene period the English Channel was dry land. The site spans 185 million years of geological history, and fossil groups found here include crustaceans, insects, mollusks, echinoderms, fish, amphibians, reptiles, and a few mammals. That tunnel would have been very different; instead of a railway line, requiring an island halfway across for the changing of horses! The Channel Tunnel consists of a service tunnel in the middle, with two running tunnels at either end. With some of the busiest shipping lanes in the world, choosing where to cross this liquid highway, to avoid tankers and other cargo ships that pile through the Channel, can be daunting. Shakespeare added over 1,000 words to the English language. It is today one of the busiest shipping lanes on the planet. The Channel Tunnel is an underwater rail tunnel that runs beneath the English Channel, connecting Folkestone, Kent in the United Kingdom to Coquelles, Pas-de-Calais in France. This debris was moved to Southeast England where it was used to create a 74 acre nature reserve called Samphire Hoe Park. Here are some facts about swimming the Channel… some of which might make you grateful to be completing the swim inside! The English Channel is 350 miles in length and stretches from 20.7 miles wide to 150 miles wide. It had always been known colloquially as the "Narrow Sea." Almost everyone in the world has heard of the great William Shakespeare, the famous English poet and playwright of the 16th century. By mid-August 2020, more than 4,000 people had successfully crossed the Channel on small boats from France in the hopes of building a new life in the United Kingdom. Channel Tunnel (in French “Le tunnel sous la Manche” or “Chunnel”) is a rail tunnel below the English Channel. Chausey is a group of small islands, islets, and rocks off the coast of Normandy. However, the French name la Manche has been used since at least the 17th century, possibly as reference to the Channel's sleeve (French: la manche) shape. History of Channel Tunnel - Facts and Design. separates the southern coast of England from the northern coast of France Many It … The English Channel is a body of water that separates the island of Great Britain from the rest of Europe. There are currently 15 ferry cross-channel routes connecting the United Kingdom and Ireland with France and the Channel Islands. The English Channel is formed, cutting of the British Isles from mainland Europe. No Way! The straits are the narrowest point of the seaway, at 34 km (21 mi). Approximately 50,000 people use it every day to cross. In 1821 the very first passenger ferry crossed the English Channel. The Channel Tunnel, 31 miles (50 km) long, consists of three tunnels: two for rail traffic and a central tunnel for services and security. An 11 year old boy swam across the English Channel in 1988, in under 12 hours. The Channel Islands include Saint Helier, Saint Peter Port, Saint Anne, Sark, and Herm. 1. The valley is seen here running from bottom left to top right on an extract from a 1955 British Admiralty chart. The first crossing: Captain Matthew Webb i The English Channel covers an area of roughly 29,000 square miles, and has an average depth of 207 feet. (Photo: Wikimedia/CC BY-SA 3.0). It is the busiest shipping area in the world. The plane in which American big band leader and trombonist Glenn Miller (1904–1944) was traveling disappeared on December 15, 1944 while flying over the English Channel en route to Paris. The Spanish Armada, a fleet of 130 ships that sailed from Corunna (A Coruña) in 1588, was attacked in the Channel and later scattered by English fireships (vessels loaded with combustibles, or gunpowder) off the coast of Calais. Its maximum depth is about 180 m (590 ft), making it the deepest point in the English Channel. Omaha was one of five Normandy beaches targeted for landing on that fateful day, and saw some of the the bloodiest fighting. English Channel, Fr. Pictured are evacuated troops on a destroyer about to berth at Dover. During World War II the Germans occupied the islands. Before the tunnel in the English Channel was finished in 1994, anyone who wished to get from England to France had to endure a 90-minute ferry … There are actually three tunnels down there—two for trains and a smaller service tunnel that can be used in emergencies. 450 AD He did so in 36 minutes and 30 seconds, piloting his Blériot XI monoplane. The scene of battles, invasions, and heroic deeds of endeavor, the English Channel's location has given it immense significance over the centuries. The English Channel is a part of the Atlantic Ocean, and it separates the island of Britain (part of the UK) from northern France and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. The most densely populated city on the French shore of the Channel is Le Havre, with 172,067 inhabitants as of 2017. Smaller ports include Portsmouth and Plymouth in England and Dieppe and Calais in France. Compared to other languages, English may seem simple, but that is probably because most people don’t realize it is full of crazy inventions, misinterpretations, mistakes, strange words, and needless words! Crossings are provided by ferry, train, and air services. English Channel, narrow arm of the Atlantic Ocean separating the southern coast of England from the northern coast of France and tapering eastward to its junction with the North Sea at the Strait of Dover. 7. Approximately 500 ships arrive in the English Channel every day because it is such an important and busy shipping region. The 11th-century Bayeux Tapestry depicts the events leading up to the Norman conquest of England by William, Duke of Normandy— one of the few successful invasions of Great Britain made via the Channel. It's approximately 350 miles long, and at its narrowest in the Strait of Dover. A fleet of over 800 vessels crisscrossed the Channel between May 26 and June 4, 1940, to evacuate 338,226 British Expeditionary Force troops trapped at the French port of Dunkirk in a planned withdrawal code-named "Operation Dynamo." The narrowest portion of the English Channel is at the Strait of Dover, as its eastern end. 600 BC: The first languages in the British Isles are Celtic languages, such as Welsh and Scots Gaelic. The English Channel has long served as a … It is more colloquially known as the Chunnel. In a ceremony presided over by Englands Queen Elizabeth II and French President Francois Mitterand, a rail tunnel under the English Channel was officially opened, connecting Britain and the European mainland for the first time since the Ice Age. The shortest route across the Channel is from Dover, England, to Cap Gris Nez in France.2. Channel Tunnel, also called Eurotunnel, rail tunnel between England and France that runs beneath the English Channel. Words of Celtic origin include bog, clan, glen, pet, slew, slogan, trousers. Hurd's Deep is an underwater valley located northwest of the Channel Islands. 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